While CBD may be one of the fastest-growing alternative health trends in America, substantial recognition is often accompanied by a surplus of confusion. From CBD Capsules to CBD Oils, and CBD Topicals to CBD Edibles—there’s even CBD Dog Treats! It can all be a bit overwhelming when one natural remedy takes on so many forms. Which works best? How can you tell if it’s premium quality? Does it make you feel high? Not to mention all the abbreviations… CBD, CBN, CBG… WTF?! But no need to fear, CBD 101 is here with all the basics to understanding CBD so you can start to reap the benefits of this natural remedy. So sit back, relax (maybe even pop a CBD Infused Peach Ring or two), and keep reading to get the low-down on the come-up of CBD.
CBD, or Cannabidiol, is a naturally-occurring compound found in the cannabis plant. CBD can be derived from Hemp, which is a general term used to describe non-intoxicating cannabis, qualified by a THC content of 0.3% or less. CBD can also be derived from Marijuana, the general term used to describe intoxicating cannabis, which is qualified by a THC content exceeding 0.3%. THC induces euphoric and psychotropic effects, better known as the “high” feeling experienced from using cannabis. CBD, on the other hand, does not induce such effects, and a measly 0.3% of THC content in the mix won’t get you high either. Bottom line: CBD does not get you high.
Another thing to make clear is that CBD is the same, regardless of whether it was derived from hemp or marijuana. HOWEVER, thanks to the farm bill of 2018, CBD is only federally legal if it is derived from hemp and contains 0.3% or less of THC.
Now that we’ve covered the basics about CBD, we can move forward to the ways it is administered and the potential benefits it may provide. There are many different options when it comes to CBD consumption, including ingestion, sublingual consumption, inhalation and topical application. The method you use determines the potential benefits you reap from CBD and how long it takes to reap them.
For example, ingesting a CBD Edible Gummy will be the fastest and easiest method, but it is metabolized before it hits the bloodstream. This means that the CBD will take a little bit longer to reach its full potential because it will undergo the “first pass effect” before reaching the bloodstream. On the other hand, if you were to sublingually consume a CBD Sleep Blend Tincture under your tongue before bed, the process would be expedited because the CBD is instead absorbe in the mouth and bypassess the metabolic breakdown. Topically applying CBD, as you would with a CBD Cream like this, the peak effects would be experienced after about 90 minutes, and this type of CBD administration is most commonly used to treat physical pain in specific areas.
Finally, there’s the inhalation method of CBD consumption, which is generally understood to be fast acting and give notable effects, however, some people prefer other methodologies that avoid using combustion in the process.
1. To be considered federally legal, CBD must:
a) Be derived from hemp (CBD derived from marijuana is not) and
b) Have a THC content of no more than 0.3%
2. CBD will not get you high. (That’s THC’s job)
3. CBD can be ingested, sublingually consumed, inhaled and/or topically applied. The method of consumption plays a critical role in determining how long it will take to feel CBD’s effect, and the effect of the CBD in general. There are several other factors that also play a part in how CBD operates in the body, such as metabolism, dosage, bodyweight and frequency of use.
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